皇冠比分官网

农业农村部 中央网络安全和信息化委员会办公室关于印发《数字农业农村发展规划(2019-2025年)》的通知
日期: 2020-01-21 11:59:35
来源: 农业农村部官网
文字:【

农规发〔2019〕33号

各省、自治区、直辖市及计划单列市农业农村(农牧)厅(委、局),网信办,新疆生产建设兵团农业农村局、网信办:

  为贯彻落实《中共中央国务院关于实施乡村振兴战略的意见》《乡村振兴战略规划(2018—2022年)》《数字乡村发展战略纲要》,加快推进农业农村生产经营精准化、管理服务智能化、乡村治理数字化,农业农村部、中央网络安全和信息化委员会办公室制定了《数字农业农村发展规划(2019—2025年)》,现印发你们,请认真贯彻执行。


  农业农村部  中央网络安全和信息化委员会办公室 

   2019年12月25日


数字农业农村发展规划(2019—2025年)


  目  录


一、发展形势 5   

(yi)fazhanchengxiao 5

(er)fazhanjiyuyutiaozhan 7

er、zongtisilu 8

(yi)zhidaosixiang 8

(er)jibenyuanze 9

皇冠比分官网(san)fazhanmubiao 10

san、goujianjichushujuziyuantixi 10

(yi)jianshenongyeziranziyuandashuju 10

皇冠比分官网(er)jianshezhongyaonongyezhongzhiziyuandashuju 11

(san)jianshenongcunjitizichandashuju 11

(si)jianshenongcunzhaijididashuju 11

(wu)jianquannonghuhexinxingnongyejingyingzhutidashuju 12

皇冠比分官网si、jiakuaishengchanjingyingshuzihuagaizao 12

皇冠比分官网(yi)zhongzhiyexinxihua 12

皇冠比分官网(er)chumuyezhinenghua 13

(san)yuyezhihuihua 13

(si)zhongyeshuzihua 14

(wu)xinyetaiduoyuanhua 14

皇冠比分官网(liu)zhilianganquanguankongquanchenghua 15

wu、tuijinguanlifuwushuzihuazhuanxing 15

(yi)jianlijianquannongyenongcunguanlijuecezhichijishutixi 15

(er)jianquanzhongyaonongchanpinquanchanyelianjianceyujingtixi 16

(san)jiansheshuzinongyenongcunfuwutixi 16

(si)jianlinongcunrenjuhuanjingzhinengjiancetixi 17

皇冠比分官网(wu)jianshexiangcunshuzizhilitixi 17

liu、qianghuaguanjianjishuzhuangbeichuangxin 18

皇冠比分官网(yi)jiaqiangguanjiangongxingjishugongguan 18

皇冠比分官网(er)qianghuazhanlvexingqianyanxingjishuchaoqianbuju 18

皇冠比分官网(san)qianghuajishujichengyingyongyushifan 19

皇冠比分官网(si)jiakuainongyerengongzhinengyanfayingyong 19

皇冠比分官网qi、jiaqiangzhongdagongchengsheshijianshe 20

(yi)guojianongyenongcundashujuzhongxinjianshegongcheng 20

皇冠比分官网(er)nongyenongcuntiankongdiyitihuaguancetixijianshegongcheng 21

皇冠比分官网(san)guojiashuzinongyenongcunchuangxingongcheng 22

皇冠比分官网ba、baozhangcuoshi 24

皇冠比分官网(yi)jiaqiangzuzhilingdao 24

(er)jiadazhengcezhichi 25

皇冠比分官网(san)qianghuashujucaijiguanli 25

(si)qianghuakejirencaizhicheng 26


   一、发展形势

  (一)发展成效

皇冠比分官网  dangdeshibadayilai,dangzhongyang、guowuyuangaoduzhongshishuzinongyenongcunjianshe,zuochushishidashujuzhanlveheshuzixiangcunzhanlve、dalituijin“hulianwang+”xiandainongyedengyixiliezhongdabushuanpai。gediqu、gebumenrenzhenguancheluoshi,dalituijinshuzijishuzainongyenongcunyingyong,qudemingxianchengxiao。

  数字技术与农业农村加速融合。皇冠比分官网产业数字化快速推进,智能感知、智能分析、智能控制等数字技术加快向农业农村渗透,农业农村大数据建设不断深化,市场监测预警体系逐步完善,农产品质量安全追溯、农兽药基础数据、重点农产品市场信息、新型农业经营主体信息直报等平台建成使用,单品种大数据建设全面启动,种业大数据、农技服务大数据建设初见成效。

  新产业新业态竞相涌现。农产品电子商务蓬勃发展,2018年全国农产品网络零售额5542亿元,占农产品交易总额的9.8%。基于农产品电商、农业遥感的大数据服务产品不断丰富,数字产业化创新发展。定制农业、创意农业、认养农业、云农场等新业态新模式方兴未艾,乡村分享经济逐步兴起,“互联网+”农业社会化服务加快推进。2018年农业数字经济占农业增加值的比重达到7.3%。

  科技创新能力不断提升。数字农业领域国家工程技术研究中心、农业信息技术和农业遥感学科群、国家智慧农业创新联盟相继建成,智慧农业实验室、数字农业创新中心加快建设,农业物联网、数据科学、人工智能等相关专业在高等院校普遍设立。数字农业标准体系加快建设,农业物联网应用服务、感知数据描述和传感设备基础规范等一批国家和行业标准陆续出台。具有自主知识产权的传感器、无人机、农业机器人等技术研发应用,集成应用卫星遥感、航空遥感、地面物联网的农情信息获取技术日臻成熟,基于北斗自动导航的农机作业监测技术取得重要突破,广泛应用于小麦跨区机收。

  设施装备条件明显改善。全国行政村通光纤和通4G比例均超过98%,提前实现国家“十三五”规划纲要目标,贫困村通宽带比例超过94%。农村每百户有计算机和移动电话分别达到29.2台和246.1部。农业遥感、导航和通信卫星应用体系初步确立,适合农业观测的高分辨率遥感卫星“高分六号”成功发射。物联网监测设施加速推广,应用于农机深松整地作业面积累计超过1.5亿亩。

   政策支持体系初步建立。皇冠比分官网发布 “十三五”农业农村信息化发展规划、“互联网+”现代农业三年行动实施方案、农业农村大数据发展实施意见等文件,初步构建了数字农业农村建设的政策体系。实施信息进村入户工程,工程已覆盖26个省,全国1/3的行政村建立了益农信息社。深入推进数字农业建设试点、农业农村大数据试点、国家物联网应用示范,打造了一批可复制可推广的典型样板。各地结合实际出台了一系列支持政策,积极推动农业生产智能化、网络营销新模式和信息化管理服务。

  (二)发展机遇与挑战

皇冠比分官网  nongyenongcunshuzihuashishengwutijihuanjingdengnongyeyaosu、shengchanjingyingguanlidengnongyeguochengjixiangcunzhilideshuzihua,shiyichangshenkegeming。zhanwangjinhouyiduanshiqi,shuzinongyenongcunfazhanjiangyinglainandejiyu。congguojikan,quanqiuxinyilunkejigeming、chanyebiangefangxingweiai,wulianwang、zhilianwang、dashuju、yunjisuandengxinyidaixinxijishujiakuaiyingyong,shenkegaibianleshengchanshenghuofangshi,yinfajingjigejuhechanyexingtaishendubiange,xingchengfazhanshuzijingjidepubiangongshi。dashujuchengweijichuxingzhanlveziyuan,xinyidairengongzhinengchengweichuangxinyinqing。shijiezhuyaofadaguojiadoujiangshuzinongyezuoweizhanlvezhongdianheyouxianfazhanfangxiang,xiangjichutaile“dashujuyanjiuhefazhanjihua”、“nongyejishuzhanlve”he“nongyefazhan4.0kuangjia”dengzhanlve,gouzhuxinyilunchanyegemingxinyoushi。congguoneikan,dangzhongyang、guowuyuangaoduzhongshiwangluoanquanhexinxihuagongzuo,dalituijinshuzizhongguojianshe,shishishuzixiangcunzhanlve,jiakuai5gwangluojianshejincheng,weifazhanshuzinongyenongcuntigongleyoulidezhengcebaozhang。xinxihuayuxinxinggongyehua、chengzhenhuahenongyenongcunxiandaihuatongbufazhan,chengxiangshuzihonggoujiakuaimihe,shuzijishudepuhuixiaoyingyouxiaoshifang,weishuzinongyenongcunfazhantigongleqiangdadongli。woguonongyejinrugaozhiliangfazhanxinjieduan,xiangcunzhenxingzhanlveshenrushishi,nongyenongcunjiakuaizhuanbianfazhanfangshi、youhuafazhanjiegou、zhuanhuanzengzhangdongli,weinongyenongcunshengchanjingying、guanlifuwushuzihuatigongguangkuodekongjian。

  danyeyinggaikandao,shuzinongyenongcunfazhanzongtizhihou,mianlinzhuduotiaozhan。fazhanjichuboruo,shujuziyuanfensan,tiankongdiyitihuashujuhuoqunenglijiaoruo、fugailvdi,zhongyaonongchanpinquanchanyeliandashuju、nongyenongcunjichushujuziyuantixijiansheganggangqibu。chuangxinnenglibuzu,guanjianhexinjishuyanfazhihou,nongyezhuanyongchuanganqiquefa,nongyejiqiren、zhinengnongjizhuangbeishiyingxingjiaocha。yuyixuedenglingyuxiangbi,nongyenongcunlingyushuzihuayanjiuyingyongmingxianzhihou。xiangcunshuzihuazhilishuipingpiandi,yuchengshixiangbichajurengranjiaoda。shuzichanyehuazhihou,shujuzhenghegongxiangbuchongfen、kaifaliyongbuzu,shuzijingjizainongyezhongdezhanbiyuandiyugongyehefuwuye,chengweishuzizhongguojianshedetuchuduanban。

皇冠比分官网  zongheyanpan,dangqianji“shisiwu”shiqishituijinnongyenongcunshuzihuadezhongyaozhanlvejiyuqi,bixushunyingshidaiqushi、bawofazhanjiyu,jiakuaishuzijishutuiguangyingyong,dalitishengshuzihuashengchanli,qiangzhanshuzinongyenongcunzhigaodian,tuidongnongyegaozhiliangfazhanhexiangcunquanmianzhenxing,rangguangdanongmingongxiangshuzijingjifazhanhongli。

  二、总体思路

  (一)指导思想

皇冠比分官网  yixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangweizhidao,quanmianguanchedangdeshijiudaheshijiujieerzhong、sanzhong、sizhongquanhuijingshen,anzhaoshishishuzizhongguozhanlve、xiangcunzhenxingzhanlve、shuzixiangcunzhanlvedezongtibushu,yichanyeshuzihua、shuzichanyehuaweifazhanzhuxian,yishuzijishuyunongyenongcunjingjishendurongheweizhugongfangxiang,yishujuweiguanjianshengchanyaosu,zhelijianshejichushujuziyuantixi,jiaqiangshuzishengchannenglijianshe,jiakuainongyenongcunshengchanjingying、guanlifuwushuzihuagaizao,qianghuaguanjianjishuzhuangbeichuangxinhezhongdagongchengsheshijianshe,tuidongzhengfuxinxixitonghegonggongshujuhuliankaifanggongxiang,quanmiantishengnongyenongcunshengchanzhinenghua、jingyingwangluohua、guanligaoxiaohua、fuwubianjiehuashuiping,yongshuzihuayinlingqudongnongyenongcunxiandaihua,weishixianxiangcunquanmianzhenxingtigongyoulizhicheng。

  (二)基本原则

  ——统筹谋划,有序推进。皇冠比分官网面向现代农业建设主战场,把握数字经济和信息技术发展新趋势,强化顶层设计,因地制宜,重点突破,分步推进,探索中国特色的数字农业农村发展模式。

  ——数据驱动,普惠共享。以资源整合、数据共享为途径,推进数据融合、挖掘与应用,搭建共享平台,实现农业农村数据互联互通、资源共建共享、业务协作协同,催生数字农业农村新产业新模式新业态,让农民群众有更多获得感和幸福感。

  ——创新引领,应用导向。面向农业农村发展重大需求,聚焦数字农业农村“卡脖子”技术,大力推进自主创新、协同攻关,加强试点示范与集成应用,提升农业生产经营智能化和乡村治理现代化水平。

  ——多方参与,合力共建。完善政府引导、市场主导、社会参与的协同推进机制,发挥互联网企业和农业信息化企业的核心带动作用,鼓励农民和新型农业经营主体广泛参与,形成多元主体参与的共建格局。

  (三)发展目标

皇冠比分官网  dao2025nian,shuzinongyenongcunjianshequdezhongyaojinzhan,youlizhichengshuzixiangcunzhanlveshishi。nongyenongcunshujucaijitixijianlijianquan,tiankongdiyitihuaguancewangluo、nongyenongcunjichushujuziyuantixi、nongyenongcunyunpingtaijibenjiancheng。shuzijishuyunongyechanyetixi、shengchantixi、jingyingtixijiakuaironghe,nongyeshengchanjingyingshuzihuazhuanxingqudemingxianjinzhan,guanlifuwushuzihuashuipingmingxiantisheng,nongyeshuzijingjibizhongdafutisheng,xiangcunshuzizhilitixiriquwanshan。


数字农业农村发展主要指标

主要指标.png


三、构建基础数据资源体系

  (一)建设农业自然资源大数据

  liyongnongcuntudichengbaojingyingquanquequandengji、yongjiujibennongtianhuading、gaobiaozhunnongtianshangturuku、gengdizhiliangdiaochajiance、liangshishengchangongnengquhezhongyaonongchanpinshengchanbaohuquhuading、sheshinongyongdibeiandengshuju,jianshegengdijibenxinxishujuku,xingchengjibendikuaiquanshu、mianji、kongjianfenbu、zhiliang、zhongzhileixingdengdashuju。kaizhanyuyeshuiyukongjianfenbu、yuchuanyugangheyuyehangbiaodengdiaocha,xingchengfugaineilushuiyuyijiquanqiuzhongyaohaiyuheyuchangdeyuyeshuiyuziyuandashuju。

  (二)建设重要农业种质资源大数据

皇冠比分官网  yituoquanguotongyideguojiazhongyedashujupingtai,goujianguojiazhongyaonongyezhongzhiziyuanshujuku,huizhiquanguonongyezhongzhiziyuanfenbuditu,tuijinnongzuowu、chuqin、shuichan、weishengwudengzhongzhiziyuandeshuzihuadongtaijiance、xinxihuajianduguanli。kaizhandongzhiwubiaoxinghejiyinxingjingzhunjiandingpingjia,shendufajueyouyizhongzhi、youyijiyin,goujianfenzizhiwentupuku,weipinzhongxuanyu、chanyefazhan、xingyejianguantigongdashujuzhichi。

  (三)建设农村集体资产大数据

皇冠比分官网  jianlijitizichandengji、baoguan、shiyong、chuzhidengguanlidianzitaizhang,tuijinnongcunjitizichanqingchanhezixinxishuzihua。caijiquanguonongcunjitizichanqingchanhezi、chanquanzhidugaige、jitijingjizuzhidengjifuma、jitizichancaiwuguanlidengshuju,jianshequanguonongcunjitizichandashuju。tuijinquanguonongkenzichanguanlishuzihua,jiaqiangduiguoyounongyezichanzhanyou、shiyong、shouyihechuzhidejianguan。

  (四)建设农村宅基地大数据

皇冠比分官网  liyongdisanciquanguotudidiaocha、weixingyaogandengshujuxinxi,jiehefangdiyitidezhaijidishiyongquanquequandengjibanzheng、nongcunzhaijidihenongfangliyongxianzhuangdiaochadengziliao,goujianquanguonongcunzhaijidishujuku,hangaizhaijididanyuan、kongjianfenbu、mianji、quanshu、xianzhijiliyongzhuangkuangdengxinxi。tuijinzhaijidifenpei、shenpi、liuzhuan、liyong、jianguan、tongjidiaochadengxinxihuajianshe,jishiwanshanhegengxinjichushuju。

  (五)健全农户和新型农业经营主体大数据

  yinongcuntudichengbaojingyingquanquequandengjishujukuweijichu,jiehenongyebutiefafang、tourupinjianguan、xinxingnongyejingyingzhutixinxizhibao、jiatingnongchangmingludengxitong,anzhao“bujitongyibushu、nongyejingyingzhutiyicitianbao、duojiduofanggongxiangliyong”defangshi,wanshanjingyingzhutishenfen、jiuye、shengchanguanli、butiefafang、jianguanjiancha、tourupinshiyong、peixunyingxiaodengduozhongxinxiweiyitidejichushuju,zhubushixiannongyejingyingzhutiquanfugai,shengchanjingyingxinxidongtaijiance。

  四、加快生产经营数字化改造

  (一)种植业信息化

皇冠比分官网  jiakuaifazhanshuzinongqing,liyongweixingyaogan、hangkongyaogan、dimianwulianwangdengshouduan,dongtaijiancezhongyaonongzuowudezhongzhileixing、zhongzhimianji、turangshangqing、zuowuzhangshi、zaiqingchongqing,jishifabuyujingxinxi,tishengzhongzhiyeshengchanguanlixinxihuashuiping。jiakuaijianshenongyebingchonghaicebaojiancewangluoheshuzizhibaofangyutixi,shixianzhongdabingchonghaizhinenghuashibieheshuzihuafangkong。jiansheshuzitianyuan,tuidongzhinengganzhi、zhinengfenxi、zhinengkongzhijishuyuzhuangbeizaidatianzhongzhihesheshiyuanyishangdejichengyingyong,jianshehuanjingkongzhi、shuifeiyaojingzhunshiyong、jingzhunzhongzhi、nongjizhinengzuoyeyudiaodujiankong、zhinengfendengfenjijuecexitong,fazhanzhineng“chejiannongye”,tuijinzhongzhiyeshengchanjingyingzhinengguanli。

  (二)畜牧业智能化

皇冠比分官网  jiansheshuziyangzhimuchang,tuijinchuqinquanshetongfengwenkong、kongqiguolv、huanjingganzhidengshebeizhinenghuagaizao,jichengyingyongdianzishibie、jingzhunshangliao、chuqinfenwuchulidengshuzihuashebei,jingzhunjiancechuqinyangzhitourupinhechanchupinshuliang,shixianchuqinyangzhihuanjingzhinengjiankonghejingzhunsiwei。jiakuaiyingyonggetitizhengzhinengjiancejishu,jiaqiangdongwuyibingyiqingdejingzhunzhenduan、yujing、fangkong。tuijinyangzhichang(tuzai、siliao、shouyaoqiyedeng)shujuzhilianzhibao,goujian“yichang(qi)yima、yichu(qin)yibiao”dongtaishujuku,shixianchumushengchan、liutong、tuzaigehuanjiexinxihulianhutong。jiakuaijiansheshuzinaiyeyunpingtai。

  (三)渔业智慧化

皇冠比分官网  tuijinzhihuishuichanyangzhi,goujianjiyuwulianwangdeshuichanyangzhishengchanheguanlixitong,tuijinshuitihuanjingshishijiankong、erliaojingzhuntouwei、binghaijianceyujing、xunhuanshuizhuangbeikongzhi、wangxiangzidongshengjiangkongzhi、wurenjixunhangdengshuzijishuzhuangbeipujiyingyong,fazhanshuziyuchang。yiguojiajihaiyangmuchangshifanquweizhongdian,tuijinhaiyangmuchangkeshihua、zhinenghua、xinxihuaxitongjianshe。dalituijinbeidoudaohangjishu、tiantongtongxinweixingzaihaiyangbulaozhongdeyingyong,jiakuaishuzihuatongxinjizhanjianshe,shengjigaizaoyuchuanweixingtongxin、dingweidaohang、fangpengzhuangdengchuanyongzhongduanheshuzihuabulaozhuangbei。jiaqiangyuanyangyuyeshuzijishujichuyanjiu,tishengyuanyangyuyeziyuankaifaliyongdexinxicaijifenxinengli,tuijinyuanyangyuchuanshipinjiankongdeyingyong。fazhanyuyechuanlianwang,tuijinyuchuanzhinenghuahangxing、zuoyeyukongzhi,jianshehangaiyuzhengzhifa、yuchuanjinchugangbaogao、dianzibulaorizhi、yuhuowukezhuisu、yuchuandongtaijiankong、yugangshipinjiankongdeyugangzongheguanlixitong。

  (四)种业数字化

皇冠比分官网  jiakuaizhongyedashujudeyanfayushenduyingyong,jianlixinxizhuaqu、duoweidufenxi、zhinengpingjiamoxing,kaizhanhangaikeyan、shengchan、jingyingdengzhongyequanliantiaodezhinengshujuwajuehefenxi,jianshezhinengfuwupingtai。zhenduishangyehuadongzhiwuyuzhongxuqiu,yanfatuiguangdongzhiwubiaoxingxinxihuoqujishuzhuangbei,shixianhailiangbiaoxingxingzhuangshujugaotonglianghuoqu。jiadaziyuankaifajiandinglidu,jianlijianquanpinzhongziyuanjiyinshujukuhebiaoxingshujuku,weijiyinshenduwajuetigongzhicheng。jieheshuzihuazhinengyuzhongfuzhupingtai,wajuejiyinzuxue、danbaizuxue、biaoxingzuxuedengshuju,zhidingzhenduidingxiangmubiaoxingzhuangyouhuayuzhongfangan,jiakuai“jingyanyuzhong”xiang“jingqueyuzhong”zhuanbian,zhubushixiandingzhishejiyuzhong。tongchouliyongshengchanjingyingxuke、shengchanbeianhetiankongdiyitihuajianceshouduan,jiakuaishuzijishuzaizhizhongjidi、zhongchuqinchangqu、shuichanmiaozhongchangqu、jiaoyishichangjianguanzhongdeyingyong,tishengzhongyezhihuihuajianguanshuiping。datongshujukuhengxianglianjie,tigongzhongyeshuju、jishu、fuwu、zhengce、falvde“yizhanshi”zonghechaxunheyewubanli,youhuaguojiazhongyedashujupingtaishoujiappgongneng,tuijinzhongyefuwumoshichuangxin。

  (五)新业态多元化

皇冠比分官网  gulifazhanzhongchounongye、dingzhinongyedengjiyuhulianwangdexinyetai,chuangxinfazhangongxiangnongye、yunnongchangdengwangluojingyingmoshi。shenhuadianzishangwujinnongcunzongheshifan,shishi“hulianwang+”nongchanpinchucunjinchenggongcheng,tuidongrengongzhineng、dashujufunengnongcunshitidian,quanmiandatongnongchanpinxianshangxianxiayingxiaotongdao。gulifazhanzhihuixiuxiannongyepingtai,wanshanxiuxiannongyeshuziditu,yindaoxiangcunlvyoushifanxian、meilixiuxianxiangcun(yucun、nongzhuang)dengkaizhanzaixianjingying,tuiguangdazhongcanyushipingjia、shuzichuangyimanyou、chenjinshitiyandengjingyingxinmoshi。tuidongkuaxingye、kualingyushujuronghehefuwutuozhan,shendukaifaheliyongnongyeshengchan、shichangjiaoyi、nongyetourupindengshujuziyuan,tuiguangjiyudashujudeshouxin、baoxianhegongyinglianjinrongdengyewumoshi,chuangxingongqiufenxi、jishutuiguang、chanpinyingxiaodengfuwufangshi。

  (六)质量安全管控全程化

  tuijinnongchanpinshengchanbiaozhunhua,zhidingnongchanpinfenlei、fendengfenjidengguanjianbiaozhun,tuidonggoujianquanchanyeliandenongchanpinxinxihuabiaozhuntixi。tuijinnongchanpinbiaoshihua,yindaoshengchanjingyingzhutiduishangshixiaoshoudenongchanpinjiashizhiliangrenzheng、pinmingchandi、shangbiaopinpaidengbiaoshi。tuijinnongchanpinkesuhua,wanshanguojianongchanpinzhilianganquanzhuisuguanlixinxipingtai,jianlishiyongnongchanpinhegezhengzhidu,tuijinnongchanpinzhilianganquanxinxihuajianguan,jianlizhuisuguanliyufengxianyujing、yingjizhaohuiliandongjizhi。pubiantuixingnonghunongzigoumaikazhidu,qianghuanongzijingyingzhutibeianhejingyingtaizhangguanli。huijishengchanjingyingshujuyijizhongzi(zhongmiao、zhongchuqin)、nongyao、feiliao、siliao、shouyaodengjiandujiancha、xingzhengchufa、tianjianshiyongdengshuju,goujianyixianweidanweidetourupinjianguansuyuanyushujucaijijizhi。

  五、推进管理服务数字化转型

  (一)建立健全农业农村管理决策支持技术体系

皇冠比分官网  yituonongyenongcunjichushujuziyuantixi,goujiannongyenongcundashujupingtai,liyongdashujufenxi、wajuehekeshihuadengjishu,jianlixiangguanzhishiku、moxingku,kaifazhongzhiye、chumushouyi、yuyeyuzheng、jianduguanli、kejijiaoyu、ziyuanhuanjing、guojihezuo、zhengwuguanli、tongjitianbaoyijinongcunshehuishiyedenggongnengmokuai,weishichangyujing、zhengcepinggu、jianguanzhifa、ziyuanguanli、yuqingfenxi、xiangcunzhilidengjuecetigongzhichifuwu,tuijinguanlifuwuxianshangxianxiaxiangjiehe,cujinshujurongheheyewuxietong,tigaohongguanguanlidekexuexing。

  (二)健全重要农产品全产业链监测预警体系

  jiaqiangzhongyaonongchanpinshengchanheshichangjiance,qianghuashengchanshujushishicaijijiance,yindaogulitiantoushichang、pifashichangcaiyongdianzijiesuanfangshikaizhanjiaoyi,tuijinnongchanpinpifashichang、shangchao、dianshangpingtaidengguanjianshichangjiaoyihuanjiexinxishishicaiji、hulianhutong,goujianjiaoyizhuti、jiaoyipinzhong、jiaoyiliang、jiaoyijiageyitihuadenongchanpinshichangjiaoyidashuju。jianshequanqiunongyeshujudiaochafenxixitong,kaifaliyongquanqiunongyeshengchanhemaoyidengshuju。wanshanqiyeduiwainongyetouzi、haiwainongchanpinjiaoyidengxinxicaijixitong。qianghuanongyexinxijianceyujing,tuozhanhetishengnongchanpinshichangjiageridujiance、gongxuxingshiyuedujijidufenxi、zhongyaonongchanpingongxupinghengbiao、zhongzhangqinongyezhanwangdengxinxifabuhefuwu。goujiannongyenongcunxiandaihuajiancepingjiatixi,kaifanongyenongcunjingjiyunxingfenxixitong。jianlinongyezouchuqujingjiyunxingfenxizhidu,jiaqiangnongyeliyongguojishichangziyuanqingkuangdefenxi。

  (三)建设数字农业农村服务体系

  shenrushishixinxijincunruhugongcheng,youhuatishengnongcunshequwangshangfuwu,jiakuaijiansheyinongxinxishe,wanshanshehuifuwuguanli。wanshannongyekejixinxifuwupingtai,gulinongyezhuanjiazaixianweinongminjiejueshengchannanti。yindaogeleishehuizhutiliyongxinxiwangluojishu,kaizhanshichangxinxi、nongzigongying、feiqiwuziyuanhualiyong、nongjizuoye、nongchanpinchujiagong、nongyeqixiang“sirendingzhi”denglingyudenongyeshengchanxingfuwu,cujingongyixingfuwuhejingyingxingfuwubianminhua。huijinongyejixiezhuangbeiyongyouliangdengguanlitongjihezhongyaonongshizuoyediaodushuju,jiaqiangnongjizuoyeanquanzaixianjiankonghexinxifuwu。jiaqiangguoji、guoneiyunongyekejichuangxinzhuti、chuangxinhuodonghechuangxinchanchudengmiqiexiangguandenongyekejichuangxindashujujiansheyujichengzhenghe,zhongdiantuijinnongyekejiwenxiandashuju、nongyekexuedashuju、nongyekeyanguanlidashujudengdejichengzhili。jiansheyipinongminchuangyechuangxinzhongxin,kaizhannongchanpin、nongcungongyipin、xiangcunlvyou、minsucanyindengzaixianzhanshihejiaoyicuohe,shishicaijifabuhejingzhuntuisongnongcunlaodonglijiuyechuangyexinxi。  

  (四)建立农村人居环境智能监测体系

皇冠比分官网  jieherenjuhuanjingzhengzhitishengxingdong,kaizhanmodidiaocha、dingqijiance,huijuxiangguanshujuziyuan,jianlinongcunrenjuhuanjingshujuku。jianlijiegan、nongmo、chuqinfenwudengnongyefeiqiwuzhangqidingdianguancezhidu,yanjiutuijinnongcunshuiyuandi、guimohuayangzhichang、nongcunshenghuolajichulidian、nongyefeiqiwuchulizhandianyuanchengjiance。gulifazhannongcunrenjuhuanjingshujuwajue、shangyefenxidengxinxingfuwu。yindaonongminjijicanyunongcunrenjuhuanjingwangluojiandu,gongtongweihulvseshenghuohuanjing。

  (五)建设乡村数字治理体系

  tuidong“hulianwang+”shequxiangnongcunyanshen,tigaocunjizonghefuwuxinxihuashuiping,zhubushixianxinxifabu、minqingshouji、yishixieshang、gonggongfuwudengcunjishiwuwangshangyunxing。jiakuaixiangcunguihuaguanlixinxihua,tuidongxiangcunguihuashangturuku、zaixianchaxun、shishigenzong。tuijinnongcunjichusheshijianshe、nongcungonggongfuwugongjidengzaixianguanli。

  六、强化关键技术装备创新

  (一)加强关键共性技术攻关

皇冠比分官网  miaozhunnongyenongcunxiandaihuayuxiangcunzhenxingzhanlvedezhongdaxuqiu,zhongdiangongkegaopinzhi、gaojingdu、gaokekao、digonghaonongyeshengchanhuanjinghedongzhiwushenglitizhengzhuanyongchuanganqi,conggenbenshangjiejueshuzinongyegaotongliangxinxihuoqunanti。tuponongyedashujuronghuizhilijishu、nongyexinxizhinengfenxijuecejishu、yunfuwujishu、nongyezhishizhinengtuisonghezhinenghuidadengxinxingzhishifuwujishu,goujiandongzhiwushengzhangxinxihuoqujishengchandiaokongjilimoxing。tuponongjizhuangbeizhuanyongchuanganqi、nongjidaohangjizidongzuoye、jingzhunzuoyehenongjizhinengyunweiguanlidengguanjianzhuangbeijishu,tuijinnongjinongyihexinxijishudengjichengyanjiuyuxitongshifan,shixiannongjizuoyexinxiganzhi、dingliangjuece、zhinengkongzhi、jingzhuntouru、gexingfuwu。yanfanongchanpinzhilianganquankuaisufenxijianceyulenglianwuliujishu,tuijinpinzhiliebianjiance、nongchanpinzidonghuafenjibaozhuangxian、zhinengwenkongxitongdengyingyong。

  (二)强化战略性前沿性技术超前布局

  mianxiangshijiekejiqianyan、guojiazhongdaxuqiuheshuzinongyenongcunfazhanzhongdianlingyu,zhidingshuzinongyejishufazhanluxiantu,zhongdiantuposhuzinongyenongcunlingyujichujishu、tongyongjishu,chaoqianbujuqianyanjishu、dianfuxingjishu。jianlizhangqirenwuweituohejieduanxingrenwudongtaidiaozhengxiangjiehedekejichuangxinzhichijizhi,jiaqiangnongchanpinrouxingjiagong、rengongzhineng、xunixianshi、dashujurenzhifenxidengxinjishujichuyanfaheqianyanbuju,xingchengyixilieshuzinongyezhanlvejishuchubeihechanpinchubei。jianshezhichiqianyanxingjishugongguandexueketixihechuangxinwangluo,qianghuachanxueyanxietonggongguan,gouzhuzhichenggaoduanyinlingdexianfayoushi。jiakuaituijinnongyequkuailiandaguimozuwang、lianshanglianxiashujuxietongdenghexinjishutupo,jiaqiangnongyequkuailianbiaozhunhuayanjiu,tuidongqukuailianjishuzainongyeziyuanjiance、zhilianganquansuyuan、nongcunjinrongbaoxian、touminggongyingliandengfangmiandechuangxinyingyong。jijikaizhan5gjishuzainongyelingyudeyingyongyanjiu,jianlijianquan5gyinlingdezhihuinongyejishutixi。

  (三)强化技术集成应用与示范

  jujiaozhongdiandiqu、zhongdianlingyu、zhongdianpinzhong,kaizhan3s、zhinengganzhi、moxingmoni、zhinengkongzhidengjishujiruanyingjianchanpindejichengyingyongheshifan,shuhuatuiguangyipishuzinongyenongcunjishumoshihedianxingfanli。jiaqiangshuzinongyekejichuangxinshujuyupingtaijichengyufuwu。jiaqiangshuzinongyenongcunbiaozhuntixijianshe,jianlishujubiaozhun、shujujieruyufuwu、ruanyingjianjiekoudengbiaozhunguifan。

  (四)加快农业人工智能研发应用

  shishinongyejiqirenfazhanzhanlve,yanfashiyingxingqiang、xingjiabigao、zhinengjuecedexinyidainongyejiqiren,jiakuaibiaozhunhua、chanyehuafazhan。kaizhanhexinguanjianjishuhechanpingongguan,zhongdiangongkeyundongkongzhi、weizhiganzhi、jixieshoukongzhidengguanjianjishu。shiyingbutongzuowu、butongzuoyehuanjing,kaifajiajie、qiancha、yizai、gengdidengpushixingjiqirenjizhuanyongjiqiren。yichumushengchangaoxiaozidonghuaweimude,yanzhifangmu、siwei、jinai、fenji、zhenduan、banyundengzidongzuoyefuzhujiqiren。yanzhiyuqungenzonghetouwei、jibingzhenduandengshuixiayangzhijiqiren。jiaqiangwurenjizhinenghuajichengyuyingyongshifan,zhongdiangongkewurenjishijueguanjianjishu,tuidongdanjizhinenghuaxiangjiqunzhinenghuafazhan,yanfarengongzhinengdazaizhongduan,shixianshishinonglinzhibao、hangpai、xunjian、cechandenggongneng。

  七、加强重大工程设施建设

  (一)国家农业农村大数据中心建设工程

  yiju《guowuyuanguanyuyinfacujindashujufazhanxingdonggangyaodetongzhi》guanyushishixiandainongyedashujugongchengdebushuyaoqiu,dajiantongyikaifangdeguojianongyenongcundashujuzhongxin,shixianshujuziyuangongxiang、zhinengyujingfenxi,tigaonongyenongcunlingyuguanlifuwunenglihekexuejueceshuiping。

   1.国家农业农村云平台。围绕增强农业农村大数据和农业农村政务业务系统的计算存储能力,构建覆盖中央、省、市县农业农村部门的国家农业农村云。租赁利用社会公共云基础设施,构建农业农村大数据开放云,汇聚各行业各领域专题数据。整合现有硬件资源,完善信息网络、服务器等设施设备,构建农业农村大数据专有云,存储核心业务数据。按照统一标准进行数据共享交汇、运算分析等,形成跨部门、跨区域、跨行业的农业农村数据汇聚枢纽。

  2.国家农业农村大数据平台。皇冠比分官网整合农业农村部门数据信息资源,提升集体资产监管、农业种质资源、农村宅基地等行业数据资源管理能力,汇聚农户和新型生产经营主体大数据、农业自然资源大数据、重要农业种质资源大数据、农村集体资产大数据、农村宅基地大数据,构建全国农业农村数据资源“一张图”。建设统一的数据汇聚治理和分析决策平台,实现数据监测预警、决策辅助、展示共享,为农业农村发展提供数据支撑。

  3.国家农业农村政务信息系统。皇冠比分官网根据国家政务信息化工程建设总体部署,按照“六统一”(用户管理、接入管理、资源管理、授权管理、流程管理、安全审计)要求,健全全球农业数据调查分析、渔港综合管理、农机化管理服务、农田建设综合监测监管、农业农村科研协同创新等数据支撑能力,构建统一的国家农业农村政务信息系统。建立政务信息系统建设标准规范体系、安全保障体系和运维管理体系,促进实现技术融合、数据融合、业务融合,为农业农村运行管理和科学决策提供支撑。

  (二)农业农村天空地一体化观测体系建设工程

皇冠比分官网  anzhaozhonggongzhongyangbangongting、guowuyuanbangongtingyinfade《guanyuchuangxintizhijizhituijinnongyelvsefazhandeyijian》guanyugoujiantiankongdishuzinongyeguanlixitongdejuecebushu,jianshetiankongdiyitihuadenongyenongcunguancewangluojichusheshiheyingyongtixi,shixianduinongyeshengchanhenongcunhuanjingdengquanlingyu、quanguocheng、quanfugaideshishidongtaiguance。

  1.农业农村天基观测网络建设应用项目。利用国家空间基础设施现有和规划的遥感、导航、通信卫星资源以及各类商业卫星资源,发挥红边多光谱、宽幅高光谱和雷达等技术手段在农业农村观测中的优势,重点建设满足农业农村发展需求的新型遥感卫星及地面应用设施,与在轨运行的遥感卫星进行科学组网,形成农业遥感观测星座,构建农业天基网络,形成常规监测与快速响应的农业遥感观测能力。

  2.农业农村航空观测网络建设应用项目。皇冠比分官网围绕农业农村高精度调查、突发重大农业自然灾害应急监测等需求,重点建设国家中心和省级分中心组成的农业农村航空监测网络,购置长航时固定翼、高机动多旋翼等先进无人机平台,搭载专用多光谱、高光谱、激光雷达、太赫兹等新型遥感器,开发适合我国农业生产特点和不同地域需求的无人机导航飞控、作业监控、数据快速处理平台,提升区域高精度观测和快速应急响应能力。

  3.农业物联网观测网络建设应用项目。整合利用农业遥感监测地面网点县、农业物联网试验示范区(点)、农业科学观测试验(监测)站(点)、数字农业试点县、现代农业园区中的物联网数据采集设施,强化地面实时观测和数据采集能力,提高分析精度,形成全国统一的农业农村地面物联网数据调查体系。

  (三)国家数字农业农村创新工程

皇冠比分官网  yiju《shuzixiangcunfazhanzhanlvegangyao》dejuecebushu,jiakuaituijinzhongyaonongchanpinquanchanyeliandashujujianshe,dazaoshuzinongyenongcunzonghefuwupingtai。

  1.国家数字农业农村创新中心建设项目。为提升数字农业农村自主创新能力,围绕关键共性技术攻关、战略性前沿性技术超前布局、技术集成应用与示范、农业人工智能研发应用,建设数字农业集成、数字种植业、数字畜牧业、数字渔业、数字种业、数字农业装备等领域国家创新中心;围绕推进种植业管理信息化、畜牧业智能化、渔业智慧化、种业数字化、质量安全管控全程化,建设水稻、小麦、棉花、马铃薯等大田种植、设施园艺、果园、禽蛋类、生猪、肉牛羊类、奶牛、淡水养殖、近海养殖、海洋牧场、远洋捕捞、作物育种、动物育种、热带作物、质量安全追溯等领域专业分中心。完善专用设施和研发基地,开发技术攻关、装备研发和系统集成创新平台,推动数字技术和农业产业深度融合。

  2.重要农产品全产业链大数据建设项目。为提升生产经营决策科学化水平,引导市场预期,依托技术实力雄厚、处于行业领先和主导地位的机构,建设小麦、水稻、玉米、大豆、棉花、油菜籽、糖料蔗、花生、天然橡胶、苹果、柑橘、蔬菜、马铃薯、茶、肉鸡、禽蛋、生猪、羊、肉牛、奶牛、鱼、虾、蟹、贝及饲料、农资等单品种全产业链大数据,建立生产、加工、储运、销售、消费、贸易等环节的数据清洗挖掘和分析服务模型,健全重要农产品市场和产业损害监测预警体系,开发提供生产情况、市场价格、供需平衡等服务产品。

  3.数字农业试点建设项目。为加强县域重要领域和关键环节数据资源建设,构建综合信息服务体系,全面推进数字技术的综合应用和集成示范,依托县级农业农村部门或其下属企事业单位,选择在数字化水平领先的粮食生产功能区、重要农产品生产保护区、特色农产品优势区、国家农业绿色发展先行区、国家现代农业示范区以及国家现代农业产业园所在县市,建设一批数字农业试点项目,全域推进种植业、畜牧业、渔业和质量安全监管等领域的数字化改造,探索可复制可推广的建设模式。

  八、保障措施

  (一)加强组织领导

皇冠比分官网  zaiguojiashuzixiangcunjianshefazhantongchouxiediaojizhikuangjiaxia,nongyenongcunbu、zhongyangwangxinbanhuitongyouguanbumen,tongchoutuijinshuzinongyenongcunjianshegongzuo,yanjiuzhongdazhengce、zhongdawentihezhongdiangongzuoanpai,genzongheducuguihuagexiangrenwuluoshi。jianliguihuashishihegongzuotuijinjizhi,jiaqiangzhengcexianjiehegongzuoxiediao。gediyaojiehefazhanshiji,zhidingguihuashishifangan,xihuazhengcecuoshi,tongchoutuijinbendiqushuzinongyenongcunjianshe。gejinongyenongcunzhuguanbumenyaojiangshuzihualinianrongrunongyenongcungongzuoquanguocheng,jiakuaigongzuoliuchengshuzihuagaizao,goujianshuzinongyenongcunfazhandeguanlitixi。yituonongyenongcunxinxihuazhuanjiazixunweiyuanhui,jiaqiangshuzinongyenongcunjianshezhidao,weikexuejuecehegongchengshishitigongzhilizhichi。jianlinongyenongcunxinxihuafazhanshuipingjiancepingjiajizhi,kaizhandingqijiance。

  (二)加大政策支持

皇冠比分官网  gediyaojiadashuzinongyenongcunfazhantourulidu,tansuozhengfugoumaifuwu、zhengfuyushehuizibenhezuo、daikuantiexidengfangshi,xiyinshehuililiangguangfancanyu,yindaogongshangziben、jinrongzibentourushuzinongyenongcunjianshe。youxiananpaishuzinongyenongcunzhongdajichusheshijianshexiangmuyongdi,duifuhetiaojiandeshuzinongyezhuanyongshebeihenongyewulianwangshebeianzhaoxiangguanguidingxiangshoubutie。tuijinnongyenongcunlingyu“fangguanfu”gaige,youhuaguanlifuwuliucheng,yingzaolianghaofazhanhuanjing。jijizhichihepeiyuzhuangdanongyenongcunshuzichanyehuazhuti。

  (三)强化数据采集管理

  gongguhetishengxianyoujiancetongjiqudao,wanshanyuanshishujucaiji、chuanshu、huizong、guanli、yingyongjichusheshi,qianghuashujuwajue、fenxi、yingyongnenglijianshe,jianlijianquannongyenongcunshujucaijitixi。liyongdimianguance、chuanganqi、yaoganhedilixinxijishudeng,shishicaijinongyeshengchanhuanjing、shengchansheshihedongzhiwubentiganzhishuju。kaizhanhulianwangshujuwajue,caiquzhengfugoumaifuwudengfangshihuoquqiyeheshehuishuju,tuijinxianxiashuju、xianshangshujuliantongronghe。zaifuheyouguanfalvfaguideqiantixia,jijizhenghegeleinongyenongcunshujuziyuan,yituonongyenongcundashujupingtai,shixianshujutongyiguanlihezaixiangongxiang。yanjiuchutaishujugongxiangkaifangzhengceheguanliguifan,zhidingnongyenongcundashujuziyuangongxiangkaifangmuluqingdan,zhubutuijingedanweizhijian、shenongbumenzhijian、zhongyangyudifangzhijianshujugongjiangongxiang。chuguojiaguidingdeshemishujuwai,jiakuaituijinnongyenongcunshujuziyuanxietongguanliheronghe,zhubuxiangshehuikaifanggongxiang。

  (四)强化科技人才支撑

皇冠比分官网  jianlishuzinongyenongcunkejichuangxintixi,jiangshuzinongyenongcunkejigongguanzuoweiguojiazhongdazhuanxianghezhongdianyanfajihuadezhichizhongdian,jianlixiandainongyechanyejishutixishuzinongyenongcunkejichuangxintuandui。xietongfahuikeyanjigou、gaoxiao、qiyedenggefangzuoyong,peiyangzaojiuyipishuzinongyenongcunlingyukejilingjunrencai、gongchengshihegaoshuipingguanlituandui。jiaqiangshuzinongyenongcunyewupeixun,kaizhanshuzinongyenongcunlingyurencaixiaxianghuodong,pujishuzinongyenongcunxiangguanzhishi,tigao“sannong”ganbu、xinxingjingyingzhuti、gaosuzhinongmindeshuzijishuyingyongheguanlishuiping。jianlikexuederencaipingjiajilizhidu,chongfenfahuirencaijijixing、zhudongxing。


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